oral cancer

Oral Cancer: Causes,Diagnosis,Symptoms And Preventions

About Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a type of cancer that occurs anywhere in the mouth, lips, tongue, gums, inside of the cheeks, roof of the mouth, under the tongue. It appears as white patches or bleeding sores.

What Is Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer is the growth of malignant cancerous tissue inside the lips and mouth. According to the National Cancer Registry Program (NCRP), India has one of the highest rates of the disease in the world. About 80,000 new cases are reported every year. The main reason for this is the high rate of mouth cancer in our country due to the habit of chewing smokeless tobacco , which is prepared with a mixture of Acadia ingredients called arecanut, tobacco.

Causes Of Oral Cancer:

  • Tobacco use
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection
  • Exposure to intense sun and ultraviolet raysa
  • Having a personal history of oral cancer
  • Use of joints
  • . Eating habits that are very low in fruits and vegetables
  • Weakening of the immune system

Symptoms Of Oral Cancer:

  • Ulcers and swellings that do not heal on the gums, lips or other parts inside the mouth
  • Red spots
  • Inevitably weight loss
  • Intraoral for unexplained reasons
  • Unexplained severe pain in the face or mouth or ear
  • Difficulty chewing, swallowing or speaking
  • Hoarseness or change in speech or chronic sore throat
  • Lumps or swelling in the neck

Diagnosis Of Oral Cancer

Although the symptoms indicate the presence of cancer, the diagnosis is made with imaging, biopsy and other tests, whether cancer is present or not. The following tests are done to diagnose the disease.

  • Examination of ENT/Head & Neck Surgeon
  • Endoscopy, video laryngopharyngoscopy
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRSI) scan Positron emission tomography (PT scan)
  • x-ray
  • Biopsy

Treatment Methods For Oral Cancer

Treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of these. A surgeon removes a tumor in the mouth or throat or tissues and lymph nodes. and remove the tumor in the lymph nodes. Chemotherapy uses anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells or stop their growth. There are also radiation therapy, external beam therapy and internal national treatments. Radiation therapy includes external beam radiotherapy, brachytherapy and internal radiation therapy. External beam radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation localized to an area of cancer to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing. In brachytherapy, radioactive material, usually in the form of seeds, is used at the cancer to shrink the size of the tumor.


  • Stop using tobacco
  • Avoid or limit alcohol consumption
  • Avoid exposing your lips too much to sunlight
  • Check your density regularly.


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