About Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is when the liver becomes inflamed and enlarged beyond its original size. Enlargement of the liver due to a viral infection is called viral hepatitis. There is a difference between hepatitis viruses and other viruses. If the liver is infected anywhere in the body, the hepatitis virus can directly infect the liver without attacking other parts of the body. Hepatitis-B disease is also known as serum hepatitis. The disease is spread during blood transfusions and through contaminated blood.
Among the seven hepatitis viruses from ‘A’ to ‘G,’ the ‘B’ virus is the most dangerous. As soon as the virus enters the body, the person does not show any symptoms. Hence the dangerous feature. This character is not afraid. It will be known only when it is damaged. But then there is nothing to do. Reasons why hepatitis ‘B’ is a more dangerous disease than AIDS In order for AIDS to be transmitted from one person to another, at least 0.4 ml or 5 liters of blood must pass from one person to another. But 0.000 ml of blood is enough to spread hepatitis ‘B.’ This means that the injections come easily through the needles. It spreads the same way AIDS spreads.
After entering the body, it remains hidden for a long time. At that time, it damages the immune system of the body and has a good effect on the liver. This causes cirrhosis of the liver, bloating, sometimes bloody vomiting, loss of appetite, and yellowing of the whole body.
Doctors use the HBSAG blood test to determine whether a patient is suffering from hepatitis B virus infection. It is estimated that 45 million people in the world’s population are infected with hepatitis B so far. Similarly, it is estimated that more than four crore people are affected by it in our country.
Anyone known to have the disease should be screened for HBsAg in that area. Negative means no disease, and positive means disease. If you know the disease, you should immediately consult a doctor. Doctors conduct some more tests to determine the severity of the disease. Doctors call this disease HBeAg.
Because this virus again has two types of characteristics. This test determines whether it is a rapidly spreading virus (active virus) or a non-active virus. If the result of this test is positive, the health of the person will deteriorate quickly. If it is negative, then it is not dangerous to the body, but it works slowly in the body.
Ninety percent of people with inactive viruses clear up on their own within 6 to 12 months. The hepatitis-B vaccine is mandatory. Because the child’s liver is damaged only after it comes out, those who have not had this vaccine should get their children vaccinated immediately. Adults should also be fried immediately. This vaccine provides protection against Hepatitis B for five years.
How Is Hepatitis B Transmitted?
Infected through married life. If one of the spouses is infected with a hepatitis-B virus, it can be transmitted to the other through marital life. Ears are pierced so that jewelry can be worn. They are all done with the same sharp tool. By doing this, if someone is already infected with the virus, there is a chance that even someone who has not been stung by the same sharp instrument. In some rural areas, many people get tattoos. Even at such a time, the hepatitis-B virus is likely to enter the body.
Precautions To Be Taken By Patients
- If pregnant, you should consult a doctor immediately as there are chances of infection to the baby.
- It is better for an unmarried person to get married until the virus is completely gone. Or vaccinate a prospective partner and then get married.
- Do not donate blood until diagnosis.
- Take complete rest.
- Oily substances should not be taken that cause indigestion.
- Intoxicants such as brandy, whisky, alcohol, and colored soft drinks should be avoided. This increases the pressure on the liver.
Precautions To Be Taken To Prevent Disease
- Those in the medical profession (doctors, nurses, compounders, etc.) should be vaccinated immediately. People in this field are more prone to this disease.
- If one of the couples is diagnosed with hepatitis, care should be taken in marriage. Men should wear a condom for six months.
- Hepatitis ‘B’ virus vaccine must also be administered along with polio, a triple antigen vaccine for newborns.
- Donor blood should be taken only after testing during a blood transfusion.
- Blood collected from blood banks labeled as HBsAg negative should be allowed.
- Do not use needles and blades shared by others.
- Sterilized surgical instruments should be used in hospitals.
Why Should People With Hepatitis B Drink More Water?
A third of our body should be filled with water. Water is essential for every function in the body. So the percentage of water in our body, mainly blood, is very high. Every day we lose two glasses of water through our exhaled breath. Our body needs water to excrete waste products through sweat and urine. If the body does not have enough water, the toxins and waste products in the body will stay inside and not get out. If our body does not get water, it means that our body will be toxic.