Gallstones: Gallbladder stones are formed when there is an increase or decrease in the production of bile chemicals in the base of the liver, where it is concentrated. These are called gallstones. Round or egg-shaped, these stones are soft and hard. They are 1 to 2.5 mm. They are medium in size.
These stones also form in the gallbladder. It also forms in the bile duct, which drains into the gallbladder and bile duct that connects the liver to the duodenum. These stones, numbering more than 1 to 10, are made up of pigment mixtures with cholesterol or excess bile acids.
Why Do Gallstones Form?
These stones usually form when the liver releases too much cholesterol into the gallbladder (which happens in obese people) or when the liver can’t produce enough of the detergents that keep cholesterol in solution. When too much cholesterol is produced in the body, it forms plaques and stones. Sometimes bacteria in the gallbladder can also cause these stones to form.
Even after fasting for long days, bile is stored in the gall bladder and later forms stones. Gallstones are rare in children. But with increasing age, the chances of this formation are less.
Occurs more in women than men. It is estimated that 20 per cent of women will have these stones by the time they die. These stones are more likely to form in women who are obese and have given birth to a large number of children. Birth control pills can cause these stones to form in us.
Prevention Of Gallstones
- By reducing obesity
- Eating less oil, ghee and fatty foods.
Doing this prevents the formation of stones in the gall bladder. Experts say that consuming foods rich in fibre can also help prevent the formation of these stones.
Only 20 per cent of gallstones have symptoms that bother a person.
- The prominence of the humerus in the upper right side of the abdomen or behind the back. Severe pain in the middle back.
- Vomiting may occur.
- Stomach gas.
- This happens more when you eat a lot of fatty foods.
- Swelling of the gallbladder leads to blockage of the bile duct (bile duct), leading to jaundice.
How To Diagnose Gallstones?
95% of gallstones are diagnosed by ultrasound scanning. It is also diagnosed through blood tests. An ERCP endoscopy test is used to determine if the gallstones seem to have passed out.
Treatment Of Gallstones
Stones that do not cause any problem to man and do not show external symptoms can be left as is in people over 60 years of age. Therefore, it is better to remove them before the age of 60 years.
Gallstones are treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which involves removing the gall bladder along with the stones. This will solve the problem in 95% of cases. Stones do not dissolve if medicines are used.
Now there is a new treatment method. In this treatment, a tube is passed into the patient’s gallbladder, and a solution is injected to dissolve the cholesterol. It dissolves stones. It is important to know if there are any long-term side effects of this treatment.
20 Foods That Have The Potential To Help With Gallstones
16. Red grapes