Table of Contents
About Colon Cancer
Colon cancer is one of the types of cancer, also known as colon cancer, that occurs in the large intestine, the largest part of the digestive system, about 5 feet long. This is also known as Big Intent. The large intestine is responsible for the absorption of vitamins and the formation and passage of stool toward the rectum for elimination.
What Is Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer (Cerci) or bowel (oval) cancer. It starts from the large intestine. The colon cancer is a tube-shaped organ. It starts from the end of the small intestine and extends to the rectum. Most colon cancers start with small non-cancerous tumors. Some of these later develop into colon cancer. The disease is the most natural-looking cancer worldwide. But in India, this type of cancer is very rare.
Possible Causes of Colon Cancer
Bowel inflammation: Diseases that cause inflammation of the large intestine, such as chronic inflammation of the large intestine, and Cone’s disease, increase the risk of the disease.
Genetic causes: If there are persons related to cancer in your family, the possibility of genetic predisposition cannot be ruled out. These causes include familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.
If there is a family history of colon cancer: There are chances of developing the disease if you have parents, brothers, or children with this disease.
Low-fiber, high-fat food intake: Some studies have found that people who eat the reddest meat (beep, pork, mutton) and processed meat have an increased risk of colon cancer. Apart from these, lifestyle, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption are some of the risk factors.
Some Of The Symptoms And Signs Associated With Colon Cancer:
- Change in bowel habits, diarrhea, or loose stools for up to four weeks.
- Blood in stool.
- Uncomfortable feeling in the stomach in one place.
- The stool is not too thin or ribbon-like.
- Illusion that there is still stool after a bowel movement.
- Unexplained weight loss.
Colon cancer Diagnosis
After symptoms and signs of the disease appear, a colonoscopy can help diagnose the disease as well as find out where it is. In a colonoscopy, a long, flexible tube with a video camera attached is passed to test how the entire large intestine looks inside. If colon polyps are found, the necessary equipment for scientific treatment is sent from this tube to take a tissue sample and send it for a polyps removal test. 100% of polyps removed by colonoscopy are benign. Some can be carcinogenic. This pre-cancer can be prevented from growing.
If the disease is detected by biopsy, other tests are done to determine if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. This examination usually includes liver, lung, abdominal CT scan, MRI, CBC (common blood count), and blood tests such as CEA and chest X-ray to determine if the cyanosis has spread.
Colon Cancer Treatment:
There are many treatments for the disease. The final treatment is recommended without taking into account factors such as the stage of cancer, how long it has been present, and how far it has spread. These treatments may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of these.
As part of the surgical treatment, the polyps are completely removed from the colonoscopy. Polyps that are not removed from colonoscopy are removed along with part of the normal tissue on either side of cancer.
Chemotherapy the disease is usually done after surgery if cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. This reduces the recurrence of cancer. If the tumor is large, chemotherapy is used to make the tumor disappear, and surgery is performed to remove the tumor in easy and subatomic parts. More powerful x-ray sub-atomic particles of radiation are used to destroy cancerous tissue and shrink this tissue. Radiation therapy can be given in combination with chemotherapy or after surgery, or even before surgery.
Preventions Of Colon Cancer
- Eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains this items contain vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants.
- Avoid alcohol
- stop smoothing
- Exercise daily
- Maintain a healthy weight